The publications and psychometric measures below based on CFT have been compiled by the Compassionate Mind Foundation in the UK. More articles on a range of topics will follow . . .

*NEW* Effects of compassionate thinking on negative emotions -Arimitsu & Hofman

International Journal of Cognitive Therapy 
Special edition of this journal on compassion.

Intelligent Kindness by John Ballatt and Penny Campling. 

Compassionate Mind Training with People who hear Malevolent Voices: A Case Series Report. 
Mayhew, S.L. & Gilbert, P.  15, 113-138 (2008). Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. More...

A pilot exploration of heart rate variability and salivary cortisol responses to compassion-focused imagery. 
Rockliff, H., Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., Lightman, S. & Glover, D. (2008), Clinical Neuropsychiatry.  More...

Development of a striving to avoid inferiority scale.

Gilbert, P., Broomhead, C., Irons, C., McEwan,K., Bellew, R., Mills, A., Gale, C. & Knibb, R. (2007). British Journal of Social Psychology. More...

Paranoid Beliefs and Self-Criticism in Students.Mills, A., Gilbert, P., Bellew, R., McEwan, K. & Gale, C. (2007). 
Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. More...

Social anxiety and the shame of psychosis: A study in first episode psychosis. Birchwood, M., Trower, P., Brunet, K. & Gilbert, P. (2006). Behaviour Research and Therapy. More...

Farsides, T. (2000). Winning hearts and minds: using psychology to promote voluntary organ donation. 
Health Care Analysis. 8, 101-121. More...

Farsides, T. (2005). 'How can we help?' rather than 'Give us your money.' Some implications of psychological research for increasing charitable giving. Paper supporting a presentation given at the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO) as part of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Seminar Series, 'Mapping the public landscape: charitable giving and donor motivation.' June. London. More...

Farsides, T. (2007). The psychology of altruism. The Psychologist, 20, 474-477. More...

A pilot exploration of the use of compassionate images in a group of self-critical people. Paul Gilbert & Chris Irons (2004) MemoryMore...

Criticizing and reassuring oneself: An exploration of forms, styles and reasons in female students.  P Gilbert, M Clarke, S Hempel, J N V Miles, C Irons (2004).  British Journal of Clinical Psychology.  More...

Self-Criticism and Self-Warmth. An Imagery Study Exploring their Relation to Depression. P Gilbert, M W Baldwin, C Irons, J R Baccus & M Palmer. (2006). Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy. More...

Compassionate Mind Training for People with High Shame and Self-Criticism: Overview and Pilot Study of a Group Therapy Approach.  P Gilbert & S Proctor (2006). Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. More...

Old and New Ideas of the Evolution of Mind and Psychotherapy. Paul Gilbert (2006). Clinical Neuropsychiatry. More...


Measures compiled and endorsed by the Compassionate mind foundation:

The following psychometric scales are from the Compassionate Mind Foundation website.

"Here are our research scales.  They are free to use with permission.  Please do not change them without contacting Paul Gilbert at  They are to facilitate compassion research only." 

English Language Scales

Attitudes towards Mental Health Problems Scale.


Defeat Scale.


Early Life Events Scale.


Early Memories of Warmth Scale.


Entrapment Scale.


Fears of Compassion Scale.



Fear of Envy Scale.


Forms of Self-Criticism/Attacking and Self Reassurance Scale.


Functions of Self-Criticism/Attacking Scale.


Other as Shamer Scale.


Sensitivity to Put Down Scale.


Social Comparison Scale.


Social Safeness and Pleasure Scale.


Striving to Avoid Inferiority Scale.


Submissive Behaviour Scale.


Two Types of Positive Affect Scale.


Any perception can connect us to reality, properly and fully. What we see doesn’t have to be pretty, particulary; we can appreciate anything that exists.
There is some prinicple of magic in everything, some living quality.
Something living, something real, is taking place in everything,
— Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche

What We've Achieved

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  • Vivamus egestas urna sed lorem sagittis, id lacinia erat porta cras.
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